Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce insulin or does not use it correctly. Insulin is a hormone that converts sugar, carbohydrates and other food into energy needed for daily life.
There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type two diabetes.
The exact cause of type one diabetes is unknown. However, genetic and environmental factors appear to play a role. Type 2 diabetes is often linked to his lifestyle such as obesity and lack of exercise.
About Type, 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is often diagnosed in children and adolescents. That's why it was once called "juvenile diabetes." However, the type one diabetes can be diagnosed in people of all ages. The cause is unknown, although it seems there is a strong family bond that can activate environmental factors, such as viruses. Type 1 diabetes is not related to lifestyle and obesity.
Type 1 diabetes accounts for about 10% of diabetes cases.
Symptoms of Type 1 diabetes is very clear. This is polydipsia (increased thirst), the polyphagia (increased hunger) and polyuria (frequent urine). They are often associated with significant weight loss, lack of energy and feelings of nausea.
In Type 1 diabetes, the pancreas stops producing insulin. However, insulin is the hormone that allows cells to use glucose and thus to have energy. This is the result of an autoimmune process. There is currently no known way to prevent Type 1 diabetes, and it is unclear why some people contract it and others do not. Unlike Type 2 diabetes, there is no known relationship between Type 1 diabetes and weight, cholesterol or hypertension.
Diabetes Risk Factors
Family history of type one diabetes may increase the risk. Some viral infections can also increase a risk.
Type 1 diabetes is often diagnosed after hospitalization for symptoms caused by an immoderately high concentration of glucose in the blood (hyperglycemia) or an extremely low concentration of glucose in the blood (hypoglycemia). The doctors performed a series of reviews to find ketoacidosis, a condition that can lead to coma and death. Blood tests will help determine your blood sugar and to obtain an indication of the amount of insulin still produced.
About Type, 2 Diabetes
Once known as middle age diabetes, type two diabetes can also affect children and adolescents.Il About 90% of people with diabetes.
Many of the symptoms of type two diabetes may seem benign at first glance. In fact, you may be suffering from type two diabetes for years without knowing it. Symptoms of hyperglycemia may be, in particular, extreme hunger, fatigue and blurred vision, increased thirst and frequent urination.
Other problems can result from prolonged hyperglycemia. This may be frequent infections slow to heal, numbness or tingling in your hands or feet. Men with type two diabetes may also have erectile dysfunction. By detecting diabetes early, you increase your chances of staying healthy and prevent complications.
People with type two diabetes did not produce enough insulin or the cells of their bodies do not react properly to the insulin (insulin resistance). The reason is not well known. It seems there is a relationship between type two diabetes and obesity, high cholesterol or hypertension. However, many people who have these diseases do not have diabetes. Similarly, some people who develop Type 2 diabetes can have a regular weight, normal tension and normal cholesterol levels.
Diabetes Risk Factors
A number of factors can increase the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. This is family history, age, weight, inactivity, ethnicity, pre-diabetes (situation in which your glucose absorption is higher than regular) and gestational diabetes (emergent diabetes during pregnancy).
Doctors utilize blood tests to a panel for diabetes. Normally, your doctor will be fancy to avoid eating prior to taking blood. The sample will be sent to a lab where your glucose levels will be measured. Some doctors may also perform this analysis in their offices with a glucose meter.
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